by Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress in [Washington, D.C.] .
Written in English
|Series||Major studies and issue briefs of the Congressional Research Service -- 1989-90, reel 7, fr. 00661|
|Contributions||Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||70|
On May 2, , The National security council created the national security directive 8 which included the U.S. policy toward Nicaragua and Nicaraguans. Directive 8 was drafted to advert the soviet key use of Nicaragua, which included withdrawal of the soviet and Cuban Military presence. Following the United States occupation of Nicaragua in during the Banana Wars, the Somoza family political dynasty came to power, and would rule Nicaragua from until their ouster in during the Nicaraguan Revolution. The Somoza dynasty consisted of Anastasio Somoza García, his eldest son Luis Somoza Debayle, and finally Anastasio Somoza on: Nicaragua. Without much political support, the president has plunged Nicaragua into a U.S.-financed civil war. His fierce determination has goaded a reluctant Congress into funding the contras, and the. The Iran–Contra affair (Persian: ماجرای ایران-کنترا , Spanish: Caso Irán–Contra), popularized in Iran as the McFarlane affair, the Iran–Contra scandal, or simply Iran–Contra, was a political scandal in the United States that occurred during the second term of the Reagan administration officials secretly facilitated the sale of arms to the.
Critics of the U.S. policy toward Nicaragua retorted that negotiations among the Central American presidents had brought free elections to Nicaragua—which nearly 10 . Reagan and his advisers focused in particular on El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Cuba. Haig decided to make El Salvador a "test case" of his foreign policy. Conflicts between the White House and the State Department and with the Congress, however, frustrated the Administration’s bold plans. Welcome to We recently modernized our website. Part of this modernization was to reduce the number of pages on the current website by not moving items that are in existence on our archive sites. This keeps the content on the current current while older content remains intact and fully accessible on our [ ]. The five-stage battle over rebel aid in was characterized by numerous supporters and opponents alike as a "historic" debate. And, indeed, it may well prove to be the most important foreign policy debate that Congress has undertaken, save perhaps some on arms control and strategic nuclear weapons, since the battle over U.S. policy toward Indochina in the first half of the s.
Aug. President Reagan's national security adviser, Robert C. McFarlane, asks Government agencies to reassess policy toward Iran. Oct. Congress . To learn more about Reagan's policy on South Africa, I spoke with David Schmitz, a historian at Whitman College who has written widely on U.S. foreign policy. His new book . U.S. Immigration Policy contends that America has reaped tremendous benefits from opening its doors to immigrants, as well as to students, skilled employees and others who may only live in the. Misconceptions About U.S. Policy Toward Nicaragua (), by United States Department of State (multiple formats with some rotated pages at ) The Grimace of Macho Ratón: Artisans, Identity, and Nation in Late-Twentieth-Century Western Nicaragua (Durham, NC and London: Duke University Press, ), by Les W. Field (page images at.